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Process design for hybrid sheet metal components

Prozessentwicklung für hybride Blechbauteile
: Haase, Rico; Müller, Roland; Landgrebe, Dirk; Scholz, Peter; Riemer, Matthias


Acta metallurgica sinica 28 (2015), Nr.12, S.1518-1524
ISSN: 1006-7191
ISSN: 1000-9442
International Deep Drawing Research Group (IDDRG Conference) <34, 2015, Shanghai>
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer IWU ()
characterization; hybrid; interface; layered structure; processing; sheet forming

The global trends towards improving fuel efficiency and reducing CO2 emissions are the key drivers for lightweight solutions. In sheet metal processing, this can be achieved by the use of materials with a supreme strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratio. Besides monolithic materials such as high-strength or light metals, in particular metal-plastic composite sheets are able to provide outstanding mechanical properties. Thus, the adaption of conventional, well-established forming methods for the processing of hybrid sheet metals is a current challenge for the sheet metal working industry. In this work, the planning phase for a conventional sheet metal forming process is studied aiming at the forming of metal-plastic composite sheets. The single process steps like material characterization, FE analysis, tool design and development of robust process parameters are studied in detail and adapted to the specific properties of metal-plastic composites. In material characterization, the model of the hybrid laminate needs to represent not only the mechanical properties of the individual combined materials, but also needs to reflect the behaviour of the interface zone between them. Based on experience, there is a strong dependency on temperature as well as strain rate. While monolithic materials show a moderate anisotropic behaviour, loads on laminates in different directions generate different strain states and completely different failure modes. During the FE analysis, thermo-mechanic and thermo-dynamic effects influence the temperature distribution within tool and work pieces and subsequently the forming behaviour. During try out and production phase, those additional influencing factors are limiting the process window even more and therefore need to be considered for the design of a robust forming process. A roadmap for sheet metal forming adjusted to metal-plastic composites is presented in this paper.