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LAHYSTOTRAIN - integration of virtual environments and ITS for surgery training

: Los Arcos, J.L.; Müller-Wittig, W.K.; Fuente, O.; Orue, L.; Arroyo, E.; Leaznibarrutia, I.; Santander, J.

Gauthier, G.:
Intelligent tutoring systems : 5th international conference ; proceedings / ITS 2000, Montréal, Canada, June 19 - 23, 2000
Berlin: Springer, 2000 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1839)
ISBN: 3-540-67655-4
ISSN: 0302-9743
International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) <5, 2000, Montreal>
Fraunhofer IGD ()
surgical training; virtual reality simulation; intelligent tutoring system; Virtual Reality in Medicine

Minimally invasive surgery has revolutionised the surgeon's approach by using optical systems to inspect cavities of the human body and by using small instruments to perform surgical procedures. This paper presents the LAHYSTOTRAIN demonstrator a training system for laparoscopy and hysteroscopy, two types of minimally invasive surgery techniques, combining a Virtual Reality Simulator (VRS), which contains virtual anatomical structures and simulates endoscope surgical instruments, a Basic Training System (BTS), that provides web based theoretical training, and an agent-based tutoring system, the Advanced Training System (ATS), oriented to supervise the execution of the practical exercises providing proactive and reactive explanations and emulating the behaviour of some persons involved in the operating theatre like the nurse, assistant surgeon and anaesthetist.