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Diffraction properties of multilayer Laue lenses with an aperture of 102 µm and WSi2/Al bilayers

: Kubec, Adam; Kujala, Naresh; Conley, Raymond; Bouet, Nathalie; Zhou, Juan; Mooney, Tim M.; Shu, Deming; Kirchman, Jeffrey; Goetze, Kurt; Maser, Jörg M.; Macrander, Albert T.

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Optics Express 23 (2015), Nr.21, S.27990-27997
ISSN: 1094-4087
European Commission EC
ESF; 100087859; ENano
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IWS ()

We report on the characterization of a multilayer Laue lens (MLL) with large acceptance, made of a novel WSi2/Al bilayer system. Fabrication of multilayers with large deposition thickness is required to obtain MLL structures with sufficient apertures capable of accepting the full lateral coherencelength of x-rays at typical nanofocusing beamlines. To date, the total deposition thickness has been limited by stress-buildup in the multilayer. We were able to grow WSi2/Al with low grown-in stress, and asses the degree of stress reduction. X-ray diffraction experiments were conducted at beamline 1-BM at the Advanced Photon Source. We used monochromatic x-rays with a photon energy of 12 keV and a bandwidth of ΔE/E=5.4·10−4. The MLL was grown with parallel layer interfaces, and was designed to have a large focal length of 9.6 mm. The mounted lens was 2.7 mm in width. We found and quantified kinks and bending of sections of the MLL. Sections with bending were found to partly have a systematic progression in the interface angles. We observed kinking in some, but not all, areas. The measurements are compared with dynamic diffraction calculations made with Coupled Wave Theory. Data are plotted showing the diffraction efficiency as a function of the externaltilting angle of the entire mounted lens. This way of plotting the data was found to provide an overview into the diffraction properties of the whole lens, and enabled the following layertilt analyses.