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Investigating ultra-thin lubricant layers using resonant friction force microscopy

: Reinstädtler, M.; Rabe, U.; Goldade, A.; Bhushan, B.; Arnold, W.


Tribology international 38 (2005), Nr.6-7, S.533-541
ISSN: 0301-679X
Conference "Tribology of Information Storage Devices" (TISD) <4, 2003, Monterey/Calif.>
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
atomic force microscopy; torsional resonance; lubricant; stick-slip

The ultrasonic friction mode of an atomic force microscope is a scanning probe technique allowing one to analyze the load and velocity dependence of friction. The technique is based on evaluation of the resonance behavior of an AFM cantilever when in contact with a vibrating sample surface. The effect of load and lateral displacement of the sample surface on the shape of the torsional resonance spectra of the AFM cantilever is evaluated under dry and lubricated sliding conditions. A characteristic flattening of the torsional resonance curve has been observed at large surface displacements, resulting from the onset of sliding friction in the AFM cantilever-sample surface contact.
An analytical model describing torsional cantilever vibrations in Hertzian contact with a sample surface is presented, and numerical simulations have been carried out in order to confirm that the flattening of the resonance curve occurs with the onset of the sliding friction in the contact.