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Dielectric to pyroelectric phase transition induced by defect migration

: Hanzig, J.; Mehner, E.; Jachalke, S.; Hanzig, F.; Zschornak, M.; Richter, C.; Leisegang, T.; Stöcker, H.; Meyer, D.C.

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New journal of physics. Online journal 17 (2015), Art. 023036, 9 S.
ISSN: 1367-2630
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IISB ()

Subjecting strontium titanate single crystals to an electric field in the order of 106 V m-1 is accompanied by a distortion of the cubic crystal structure, so that inversion symmetry vanishes and a polar phase is established. Since the polar nature of the migration-induced field-stabilized polar (MFP) phase is still unclear, the present work investigates and confirms the pyroelectric structure. We present measurements of thermally stimulated and pyroelectric currents that reveal a pyroelectric coefficient pMFP in the order of 30 C K-1m-2. Therefore, a dielectric to pyroelectric phase transition in an originally centrosymmetric crystal structure with an inherent dipole moment is found, which is induced by defect migration. From symmetry considerations, we derive space group for the MFP phase of SrTiO3. The entire electroformation cycle yields additional information about the directed movement and defect chemistry of oxygen vacancies.