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Carboxylated or aminated polyaniline - multiwalled carbon nanotubes nanohybrids for immobilization of cellobiose dehydrogenase on gold electrodes

: Tanne, J.; Kracher, D.; Dietzel, B.; Schulz, B.; Ludwig, R.; Lisdat, F.; Scheller, F.W.; Bier, F.F.

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Biosensors 4 (2014), Nr.4, S.370-386
ISSN: 2079-6374
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZI ()

Polymer-multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) nanohybrids, which differ in surface charge have been synthesized to study the bioelectrocatalysis of adsorbed cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) from Phanerochaete sordida on gold electrodes. To obtain negatively charged nanohybrids, poly(3-amino-4-methoxybenzoic acid-co-aniline) (P(AMB-A)) was covalently linked to the surface of MWCNTs while modification with p-phenylenediamine (PDA) converted the COOH-groups to positively charged amino groups. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) measurements verified the p-phenylenediamine (PDA) modification of the polymer-CNT nanohybrids. The positively charged nanohybrid MWCNT-P(AMB-A)-PDA promoted direct electron transfer (DET) of CDH to the electrode and bioelectrocatalysis of lactose was observed. Amperometric measurements gave an electrochemical response with KMapp = 8.89mM and a current density of 410nA/cm2 (15mM lactose). The catalytic response was tested at pH 3.5 and 4.5. Interference by ascorbic acid was not observed. The study proves that DET between the MWCNT-P(AMB-A)-PDA nanohybrids and CDH is efficient and allows the sensorial detection of lactose.