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Inter-AS routing anomalies: Improved detection and classification

: Wübbeling, M.; Elsner, T.; Meier, M.


Brangetto, P. ; Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
6th International Conference on Cyber Conflict, CYCON 2014. Proceedings : Tallinn, Estonia, 4 - 7 June 2013
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2014
ISBN: 978-9949-9544-0-7 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-4799-5113-0
ISBN: 978-9949-9544-1-4
International Conference on Cyber Conflict (CYCON) <6, 2014, Tallinn>
Fraunhofer FKIE ()

Based on the interconnection of currently about 45.000 Autonomous Systems (ASs) the Internet and its routing system in particular is highly fragile. To exchange inter-AS routing information, the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is used since the very beginning, and will be used for the next years, even with IPv6. BGP has many weaknesses by design, of which the implicit trust of ASs to each other AS is the most threatening one. Although this has been topic on network security research for more than a decade, the problem still persists with no solution in sight. This paper contributes a solution to stay up to date concerning inter-AS routing anomalies based on a broad evidence collected from different publicly available sources. Such an overview is necessary to question and to rely on the Internet as a basis in general and must be a part of every cyber defense strategy. Existing methods of detecting inter-AS routing anomalies result in large sets of real time routing anomalies, based on the evaluation of routing announcements collected from different viewpoints. To decide, whether a detected anomaly is harmful or not, each of them has to be classified and correlated to others. We combine various detection methods and improve them with additional publicly available information. The improved outcome of the implemented routing anomaly detection system is used as input for our classification algorithms.