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Feasibility study for feedstock recycling on PIM Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets

: Lopes, L.U.; Souza Lia Fook, P.V. de; Owczarzak, A.; Uenal, N.; Hartwig, T.; Wendhausen, P.


Filho, F.A.:
Advanced powder technology IX : Selected, peer reviewed papers from the ninth Internatioanl Latin American Conference on Powder Technology (PTECH 2013), October 27 - 29, 2013, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Pfaffikon: Trans Tech Publications, 2014 (Materials Science Forum 802)
ISBN: 978-3-03835-354-6
ISBN: 978-3-03826-739-3 (eBook)
Internatioanl Latin American Conference on Powder Technology (PTECH) <9, 2013, Sao Paulo>
Fraunhofer IFAM ()

Powder injection molding (PIM) is a well-known process for the production of geometrically complex shaped parts at a high production rate. The possibility of recycling the raw material (feedstock) is economically necessary for industrial applications, especially when processing very expensive materials, such as rare-earth alloys. In this study, Nd-Fe-B magnets were fabricated by powder injection molding, in which the injection residues (gates, sprue and surplus green samples) were reprocessed, up to 6 times. Subsequently, samples underwent binder extraction by chemical and thermal procedures, being finally sintered under high vacuum. Physical characterizations were carried out and the magnetic properties were measured via B-H trace analysis in each batch to study the influence of the recycled feedstock on the magnetic properties of produced samples. It was concluded that the properties are significantly affected after the second reprocessing lot, mainly due to the contamination of the feedstock by organic elements by-products of the binder decomposition.