Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Polymer Additives

: Pfaendner, R.


Saldívar-Guerra, E.:
Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing
Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2013
ISBN: 0-470-63032-9 (print)
ISBN: 978-0-470-63032-7 (print)
ISBN: 978-1-118-48083-0 (online)
ISBN: 978-1-118-48077-9 (online)
ISBN: 978-1-118-48081-6 (online)
Aufsatz in Buch
Fraunhofer LBF ()

Additives are essential components in polymer formulations to maintain and to extend polymer properties. Many additive classes are seen today as commodities and standard products, available from different manufacturers and applied in many use areas. This chapter presents the most important classes of additives as well as general information on chemical structures and mechanisms, on testing methods, and on use examples in selected polymer classes. The additive classes are antioxidants, poly vinylidene chloride (PVC) heat stabilizers, light stabilizers, flame retardants, plasticizers, and scavenging agents. The chapter also talks about other additives to enhance processing, modify plastic surface properties, modify polymer chain structures, influence morphology and crystallinity of polymers, and enhance thermal conductivity. The other topics covered in this chapter are active protection additives, antimicrobials, odor masking, animal repellents, markers, and blowing agents.