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Precision jetting of solder paste - a versatile tool for small volume production

: Becker, K.-F.; Koch, M.; Voges, S.; Thomas, T.; Fliess, M.; Bauer, J.; Braun, T.; Aschenbrenner, R.; Schneider-Ramelow, M.; Lang, K.-D.

International Microelectronics and Packaging Society -IMAPS-:
47th International Symposium on Microelectronics, IMAPS 2014. Future of Packaging : San Diego, 13.-16.10.2014
San Diego/Calif., 2014
ISBN: 978-0-9909-0280-5
ISBN: 978-0-9909028-0-5
ISBN: 978-1-63439-992-0 (Ausgabe 2015 bei Curran)
International Symposium on Microelectronics <47, 2014, San Diego/Calif.>
Fraunhofer IZM ()

During the last years, jetting processes for higher viscosity materials have gained widespread interest in microelectronics manufacturing. Main reasons for this interest are high throughput/productivity of jetting, contactless material deposition, high volume precision and freely designable deposition patterns. In previous studies [i,ii] we have demonstrated the jet ability of different resin-based materials, being exemplary for unfilled adhesive, for low viscous Underfill resin and for higher viscosity Glob Top materials. The focus of our previous work was on the dosing of various encapsulants - Underfill material with low viscosity and near Newtonian behaviour and Glob Top resins, being non-Newtonian fluids due to higher matrix viscosity and higher filler content (up to 70 wt %) with resulting increased filer/filler and filler/matrix interaction. During the last years jetting has become widely used and has been applied to the dosing of much more complex materials, combining high viscosity matrix materials with odd shaped and compressive particles. Examples for these materials are conductive adhesives and also solder pastes, where the jetting system developed by Swedish company My data set’s the current standard for solder paste jetting. In a technological study solder paste jetting using different jetting systems has been investigated in comparison to solder paste dispensing and solder paste printing, especially material rheological behaviour and the correspondence to process ability have been evaluated in detail. To illustrate the potential of solder paste jetting as a flexible and powerful tool for electronic system prototyping, a test vehicle has been designed, containing areas for SMD soldering and for process reproducibility. To determine process quality not only basic process data on droplet diameter, resulting material depot size and positioning accuracy have been evaluated, but also statistical means have been employed to determine process homogeneity and stability depending on the respective parameter set. Summarized this paper gives an insight into solder jet process development and describes material rheology demands and limitations and thus allows the optimized use of advanced solder jetting technology for electronics assemblies.