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Beryllium concentrations at european workplaces: Comparison of 'total' and inhalable particulate measurements

: Kock, Heiko; Civic, Terence; Koch, Wolfgang

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-3476657 (828 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 08e093a58a858c4e873eba64fae3e40a
Erstellt am: 14.7.2015

The Annals of occupational hygiene 59 (2015), Nr.6, S.788-796
ISSN: 0003-4878
ISSN: 1475-3162
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ITEM ()
dust sampling conventions; exposure assessment methodology; aerosols

A field study was carried out in order to derive a factor for the conversion of historic worker exposure data on airborne beryllium (Be) obtained by sampling according to the 37-mm closed faced filter cassette (CFC) 'total' particulate method into exposure concentration values to be expected when sampling using the 'Gesamtstaubprobenahmesystem' (GSP) inhalable sampling convention. Workplaces selected to represent the different copper Be work processing operations that typically occur in Germany and the EU were monitored revealing a broad spectrum of prevailing Be size distributions. In total, 39 personal samples were taken using a 37-mm CFC and a GSP worn side by side for simultaneous collection of the 'total' dust and the inhalable particulates, respectively. In addition, 20 static general area measurements were carried out using GSP, CFC, and Respicon samplers in parallel, the latter one providing information on the extra-thoracic fraction of the workplace aerosol. The study showed that there is a linear relationship between the concentrations measured with the CFC and those measured with the GSP sampler. The geometric mean value of the ratios of time-weighted average concentrations determined from GSP and CFC samples of all personal samples was 2.88. The individual values covered a range between 1 and 17 related to differences in size distributions of the Be-containing particulates. This was supported by the area measurements showing that the conversion factor increases with increasing values of the extra-thoracic fraction covering a range between 0 and 79%.