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Continuum numerical simulation of multiphase granular suspension flow in the context of applications for the mechanical processing industry

: Niedziela, D.; Schmidt, S.; Steiner, K.; Zausch, J.; Zemerli, C.


International journal of mineral processing 136 (2015), S.50-55
ISSN: 0301-7516
Fraunhofer ITWM ()

Simulation of industrial-scale, highly dynamicprocesses of suspensions, for example suspension flow in vertical rotating disk mills, inherit the challenge of a spatially and in-time resolved dynamic multi-phase coupling between for example the bulk material suspension and the granular beads all in a highly dynamic setting of moving geometries. The basis of the simulation software GRAIN is the physical model for single-phase continuum granular flow of (Latz and Schmidt, 2010). It has been validated intensively and has proven its applicability to industrial processes in various cases. We describe herein the extension of that model to multiphase suspension flow, where the single continuum granular phase is coupled to the fluid phase by modeling a suspension viscosity with the goal of simulating TiO2-suspension flow in bead mills. The beads are treated as a granular material within GRAIN and are fully coupled with the suspension flow simulation to the CoRheoS FLUID module. For vertical mills the interface between the wet suspension in the mill and the dry top region is also dynamically calculated. The simulation result in the dynamic calculation of local quantities like density distribution of suspension and beads, velocity fields, pressure distribution, shear forces for all phase and energy dissipation. Virtual performance tests are done by varying throughput rates and rotational speeds. Regarding local stresses and energy dissipation rates the grinding efficiency can be characterized.