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Machine learning reveals different brain activities in visual pathway during TOVA Test

 
: Sun, Haoqi

:

Cao, Jiuwen (Ed.):
ELM-2014. Vol.1: Algorithms and Theories. Proceedings : Singapore, December 8-10, 2014
Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015 (Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization 3)
ISBN: 978-3-319-14062-9 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-319-14063-6 (Online)
S.245-262
International Conference on Extreme Learning Machines (ELM) <2014, Singapore>
Englisch
Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer IGD ()
machine learning; Electroencephalography (EEG); brain activities; Business Field: Virtual engineering; Business Field: Digital society; Research Area: Human Computer Interaction (HCI)

Abstract
This paper explores the changes in EEG when subjects performed a modified Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA), compared to open eye resting (baseline) state. To recognize these two different brain states, two machine learning algorithms, i.e. extreme learning machine (ELM) and support vector machine (SVM), were applied and compared, using 3 statistical features and 4 power spectral density per channel. The results showed that using all 14 channels, ELM and SVM achieved similar test accuracy of 94.6% and 95.1% respectively (McNemar's test p = 0.8 > 0.05). Using recursive channel selection, 9 channels (ELM) and 8 channels (SVM) were selected from 14 channels. After channel selection, ELM outperformed SVM significantly (McNemar's test p = 0.0005 < 0.01) with average test accuracy of 95.0% and 92.5% respectively. The channel rank of each subject was weighted and merged using analytic hierarchical process to obtain a cross-subject ranking, which revealed the close correlation between TOVA and the visual pathway in brain.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-332554.html