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Sliding wear investigation of suspension sprayed WC-Co nanocomposite coatings

: Ahmed, Rehan R.; Ali, O.; Faisal, Nadimul Haque; Al-Anazi, N.M.; Al-Mutairi, Saleh H.; Toma, Filofteia-Laura; Berger, Lutz-Michael; Potthoff, Annegret; Goosen, Mattheus F.A.


Wear 322-323 (2015), S.133-150
ISSN: 0043-1648
ISSN: 1873-2577
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
Fraunhofer IWS ()
nanostructured coating; sliding wear; suspension spraying; tribology; WC-Co coating

Sliding wear evaluation of nanostructured coatings deposited by Suspension High Velocity Oxy-Fuel (S-HVOF) and conventional HVOF (Jet Kote (HVOF-JK) and JP5000 (HVOF-JP)) spraying were evaluated. S-HVOF coatings were nanostructured and deposited via an aqueous based suspension of the WC-Co powder, using modified HVOF (TopGun) spraying. Microstructural evaluations of these hardmetal coatings included X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX). Sliding wear tests on coatings were conducted using a ball-on-flat test rig against steel, silicon nitride (Si3N4) ceramic and WC-6Co balls. Results indicated that nanosized particles inherited from the starting powder in S-HVOF spraying were retained in the resulting coatings. Significant changes in the chemical and phase composition were observed in the S-HVOF coatings. Despite decarburization, the hardness and sliding wear resistance of the S-HVOF coatings was comparable to the HVOF-JK and HVOF-JP coatings. The sliding wear performance was dependent on the ball-coating test couple. In general a higher ball wear rate was observed with lower coating wear rate. Comparison of the total (ball and coating) wear rate indicated that for steel and ceramic balls, HVOF-JP coatings performed the best followed by the S-HVOF and HVOF-JK coatings. For the WC-Co ball tests, average performance of S-HVOF was better than that of HVOF-JK and HVOF-JP coatings. Changes in sliding wear behavior were attributed to the support of metal matrix due to relatively higher tungsten content, and uniform distribution of nanoparticles in the S-HVOF coating microstructure. The presence of tribofilm was also observed for all test couples. / Highlights - Tribomechanical comparison of conventional and nanocomposite suspension coatings. / Wear of hardmetal coatings against metal, ceramic and sintered carbide couples. / Structure property relationships of nanostructured WC–Co coatings. / Performance was couple depended and tribofilm was observed in all test couples. / Mathematical correlations provide a fit to the wear rate.