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Investigations of the biological effects of airborne and inhalable substances by cell-based in vitro methods

Fundamental improvements to the ALI concept
: Ritter, Detlef

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-3160578 (2.1 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: beb9814004202f7f7169290316138bc1
Erstellt am: 3.12.2014

Advances in toxicology (2014), Art. 185201, 11 S.
ISSN: 2356-6906
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

The state of the art for cell-based in vitro investigations of airborne and inhalable material is "air-liquid interface" (ALI) technology. Cell lines, primary cells, complex 3D models, or precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) are used to represent the lung or skin by way of an in vitro barrier model. These models have been applied in toxicity or pharmacological testing. However, contrasting with a clear demand for alternative methods, there is still no widely accepted procedure for cell-based in vitro testing of inhalable substances. In the light of this, an analysis was undertaken of common drawbacks of current approaches. Hence, the pivotal improvements aimed at were the cellular exposure environment, overall performance and applicability, operability of online investigations during exposure and routine setup. It resulted in an improved device (P.R.I.T. ExpoCube) based on an "all-in-one-plate" concept including all phases of the experiment (cell culture, exposure, and read-out) and all experimental groups (two test gas groups, controls) in one single commercial multiwell plate. Verification of the concept was demonstrated in a first experimental series using reference substances (formaldehyde, ozone, and clean air).The resulting ALI procedure enables the application of inhalable substances and mixtures under highly effective exposure conditions in routine utilization.