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The trend towards the Internet of Things: What does it help in Disaster and Risk Management?

: Usländer, Thomas

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-3151430 (731 KByte PDF)
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Erstellt am: 25.11.2014

Stal, Marc (Ed.) ; Global Risk Forum -GRF-, Davos:
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference, IDRC 2014. Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology and practice : 24 - 28 August 2014, Davos, Switzerland
Davos, 2014
International Disaster and Risk Conference (IDRC) <5, 2014, Davos>
European Commission EC
Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
Internet of Things; standards; early warning; sensors; OpenIoT

According to the Gartners' hype cycle, the emerging Internet of Things (IoT) is close to the top of public awareness and expectations. However, looking beyond its use as a buzzword, there is a clear technological trend that will affect the amount and type of information that is available in Risk and Disaster Management. The seamless interconnection of devices to the Internet, being sensors of all types ranging from in-situ measurement devices, sensors on smart phones up to hyper-spectral cameras mounted on satellites, offers an enormous potential for the improvement in recognizing and assessing risks, for the targeted launch of preventive measures e.g. improved quality, preciseness and personalization of early warnings. The same is true for the decision support in disaster management. However, to exploit this potential, there is an urgent need to improve interoperability. Therefore, this contribution argues for an open, standardized approach of sensor-based global information management based upon international standards. It provides an overview about the relevant initiatives (e.g. GEOSS, European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things IERC) and standardization bodies (e.g. ISO, OGC) and their architectural approaches for the IoT. Furthermore, highlights and results of relevant projects will be presented, e.g. EO2HEAVEN in the domains of environment and health, TRIDEC for better decision support in tsunami early warning systems, and OpenIoT for an open source IoT software platform. The talk concludes with an assessment of the current user requirements and technological trends and a discussion of the next steps to be taken in order to exploit the potential of the IoT for the benefit of risk and disaster management improvement, however, also having in mind cyber security concerns.