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GIS based management in industrial zones - a study of how communal waste water and energy management can support development in industrial zones, exemplified with Nam Dinh

: Wessel, Horst; Hartlieb, Jörg; Schlüter, Stefan; Keuter, Volkmar; Thi Hong, Nguyen; Kim Oanh, Le Thi; Erhardt, Bernd; Kasbohm, Jörn; Thi Lai, Le

Stolpe, H. ; Institut für Infrastruktur und Bauwesen, Arbeitsgruppe U+Ö Umwelttechnik und Ökologie im Bauwesen:
Method Handbook for IWRM in Vietnam on River Basin Level : Joint R&D Project IWRM-Vietnam, IWRM Research Vietnam
Bochum: Bochumer Universitätsverlag, 2013 (Texte zu Umwelttechnik + Ökologie im Bauwesen 9)
ISBN: 978-3-89966-549-9
Aufsatz in Buch
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Oberhausen ()
Ressource; water technology; integrated environmental protection; geographical information system

Within the joint R&D project IWRM Vietnam this chapter describes organizational measures to improve waste water management in industrial zones. One way to support the construction of waste water treatment plants in Vietnamese communes is to link these plants to the development of industrial zones Provided the underlying technical basis exists, such as in concept NDcitylineiaks, purified water, heat, electricity, gas and other resources can be provided at low cost near the production sites. This would serve to generate additional income for the operators, not only securing operational costs, but also allowing for a possible refinancing of the investment. This approach, however, needs a broader zoning strategy for industrial zone management. The capacities for waste water treatment and the needs of the industry must be adapted to each other. A very specific industry mix must be achieved. A developed resource management system along with targeted land management (development of city and suburbs), systematic communication between the stakeholders, support with GIS based decision support tools, which, in turn, are connected to technology databases, offers for production integrated environmental protection (PIEP) prior to construction of production sites as well as the development of an industry specific action plan within PIEP, have been found to be the relevant elements for success in such a process. In addition, the stakeholders can be supported by an advisory institution, which remains to be set up, and which could systematize and coordinate all the mentioned processes as a technology center for research, development and management. In the resulting possible offers, certifications, such as ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 will become much more easily achievable and efficiently open up the development from industrial zones to an ecologic industrial park.