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Life Cycle Management and Assessment: Approaches and Visions Towards Sustainable Manufacturing

: Westkämper, E.; Alting, L.; Arndt, G.


CIRP Annals. Manufacturing Technology 49 (2000), Nr.2, S.501-522
ISSN: 0007-8506
Fraunhofer IPA ()
sustainable industrial production; assessment; Produktlebenszyklus; Life Cycle assessment (LCA); Life Cycle Management (LCM); Fertigung; Wirtschaftlichkeit; Ökologie

Thinking in terms of product life cycles is one of the challenges facing manufacturers today: efforts to increase efficiency throughout the life cycle do not only lead to an extended responsibility of the concerned parties. As a result, economically successful business areas can be explored. Whether new service concepts are required, new regulations have been passed or consumers values are changing, the differences between business areas are disappearing. "Life Cycle Management" (LCM) considers the product life cycle as a whole and optimizes the interaction of product design, manufacturing and life cycle activities. The goal of this approach is to protect resources and maximize the effectiveness during usage by means of Life Cycle Assessment, Product Data Management, Technical Support and last but not least by Life Cycle Costing. This paper shows the existing approaches of LCM and discusses their visions and further development.