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Improving time-scale modification of music signals using harmonic-percussive separation

: Driedger, J.; Müller, M.; Ewert, S.


IEEE Signal Processing Letters 21 (2014), Nr.1, S.105-109
ISSN: 1070-9908
Fraunhofer IIS ()

A major problem in time-scale modification (TSM) of music signals is that percussive transients are often perceptually degraded. To prevent this degradation, some TSM approaches try to explicitly identify transients in the input signal and to handle them in a special way. However, such approaches are problematic for two reasons. First, errors in the transient detection have an immediate influence on the final TSM result and, second, a perceptual transparent preservation of transients is by far not a trivial task. In this paper we present a TSM approach that handles transients implicitly by first separating the signal into a harmonic component as well as a percussive component which typically contains the transients. While the harmonic component is modified with a phase vocoder approach using a large frame size, the noise-like percussive component is modified with a simple time-domain overlap-add technique using a short frame size, which preserves the transients to a hig h degree without any explicit transient detection.