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Novel aspects of nanocellulose

: Hettrich, K.; Pinnow, M.; Volkert, B.; Passauer, L.; Fischer, S.


Cellulose 21 (2014), Nr.4, S.2479-2488
ISSN: 0969-0239
ISSN: 1572-882X
Fraunhofer IAP ()

Novel nanoscaled cellulose particles were prepared using high-pressure homogenization of aqueous media contenting treated cellulose samples in a Microfluidizer® processor (MF). Here, we present the generation of spherical cellulose nanoparticles as an extension of previously published reports of nano fibrillated cellulose. Although MF treatment of unmodified cellulose yields nanofibrils which are reported in several publications, in the current work different kinds of pretreatments were proven to be necessary to obtain spherical structured cellulose nanoparticles. One such treatment may be the decrystallization of cellulose regenerating it from N-methylmorpholine-N-oxid-monohydrate (NMMNO*H2O). Nanocellulose was then obtained by a subsequent high-pressure mechanical treatment of the precipitate in aqueous dispersion. Decrystallization was also realized by grinding cellulose in a planetary ball mill. The resulting amorphous intermediates were characterized by Raman spect roscopy. Another approach tested was hydrolysis and subsequent mechanical treatment using an Ultra-Turrax® and MF. Another alternative was given by the mechanical treatment of aqueous dispersions of low substituted cellulose derivatives such as carboxymethyl cellulose and oxidized cellulose without any further hydrolysis.