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Mössbauer spectroscopy of europium-containing glasses: Optical activator study for x-ray image plates

: Johnson, C.E.; Vu, M.; Johnson, J.A.; Brown, D.E.; Weber, J.K.R.; Paßlick, C.; Schweizer, S.


Hyperfine interactions 226 (2014), Nr.1-3, S.797-801
ISSN: 0304-3843
ISSN: 1572-9540
Fraunhofer IWM ()

A fluorozirconate glass (ZBLAN) containing BaCl 2 nanocrystals doped with divalent Eu is a promising material for x-ray image plates for medical diagnosis. Since it is known that Eu 2+ readily oxidizes to Eu 3+, which reduces fluorescence efficiency of the image plates, 151Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy was used in this work to monitor the Eu oxidation state of the samples during degradation over time in the presence of ambient humidity. In addition, Mössbauer spectroscopic experiments show that the oxidation state has already changed during the glass melt: The sample made from 5 mol% EuCl 2 contained 78 % EuCl 2 + 22 % EuCl 3 deduced from the relative areas of the absorption lines. The sample made from 2.5 mol% EuCl2 + 2.5 mol% EuCl2 contained 37 % EuCl2 + 63 % EuCl3, i.e. 26 % of the original EuCl 2 was oxidized to EuCl 3.