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Chain alignment for improved properties - optimization of PLA and PHB-V by crystallization and reinforcement

: Moser, K.; Bergmann, B.; Diemert, J.; Elsner, P.


Altstädt, V. ; American Institute of Physics -AIP-, New York:
29th International Conference of the Polymer Processing Society, PPS 2013. Proceedings : 15–19 July 2013, Nuremberg, Germany
New York, N.Y.: AIP Press, 2014 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1593)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-1227-9
Polymer Processing Society (PPS International Conference) <29, 2013, Nuremberg>
Fraunhofer ICT ()

In this paper two promising ways to improve the material characteristics of PLA and PHB-V are presented by showing their positive effects on mechanical, optical, and thermal properties. The optimization is achieved by increasing the crystallization from the melt of the polymer chains and the other by means of a reinforcement of the matrices by bio-based materials. In the case of crystallization specific nucleating agents and optimized process parameters promote optimized crystallization conditions and lead particularly in toughness to significant improvements. In addition to crystallization the introduction of cellulose-based reinforcing materials is also a good alternative to improve the ductility of a biopolymer matrix considerably. Due to their polar surface structure cellulose fibres are favouring a very good interaction to the also polar biopolymers. In addition, the polar surfaces of both materials results in very homogeneous dispersion within the compound.