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Aberration measurement technique based on an analytical linear model of a through-focus aerial image

: Yan, G.; Wang, X.; Li, S.; Yang, J.; Xu, D.; Erdmann, A.

Postprint (1.4 MByte; PDF; )

Optics Express 22 (2014), Nr.5, S.5623-5634
ISSN: 1094-4087
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IISB ()

We propose an in situ aberration measurement technique based on an analytical linear model of through-focus aerial images. The aberrations are retrieved from aerial images of six isolated space patterns, which have the same width but different orientations. The imaging formulas of the space patterns are investigated and simplified, and then an analytical linear relationship between the aerial image intensity distributions and the Zernike coefficients is established. The linear relationship is composed of linear fitting matrices and rotation matrices, which can be calculated numerically in advance and utilized to retrieve Zernike coefficients. Numerical simulations using the lithography simulators PROLITH and Dr.LiTHO demonstrate that the proposed method can measure wavefront aberrations up to Z37. Experiments on a real lithography tool confirm that our method can monitor lens aberration offset with an accuracy of 0.7 nm.