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Extension of the process boundaries for the soldering of elongated interconnectors with a simultaneous energy deposition

: Britten, S.W.; Fiedler, W.; Olowinsky, A.; Gillner, A.

Kaierle, S. (Congress General Chair) ; Laser Institute of America -LIA-:
ICALEO 2013, 32nd International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics. Congress proceedings. CD-ROM : October 6-10, 2013, Miami, FL, USA
Orlando, Fla.: LIA, 2013 (LIA publication 616)
ISBN: 978-0-912035-98-7
International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro Optics (ICALEO) <32, 2013, Miami/Fla.>
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Soldering processes are used to bond elongated interconnectors to metallized silicon wafers e.g. solar cells. The minimal process time is expected to be limited due to the thermoshock induction in the substrate, the required time for the energy deposition and the wetting process of the solder. The simultaneous energy deposition realized with a diode laser and a line generating optic lowers the process time for interconnectors with a joining length of 140mm below 1s. Furthermore, the selective energy deposition on the interconnector is expected to reduce the temperature-induced stress in the substrate. We evaluate the soldering process with a high-speed camera and compare them with the characteristic temperature profile measured with a pyrometer. Different process times and the effect of short-term overheating to reach process times below 0.5s are investigated. The minimum process time is assessed regarding the control of the process stages and the effect on the solder quality.