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Smart power module molding advances: Evaluating high temperature suitability of molding compounds

: Becker, K.-F.

International Microelectronics Assembly and Packaging Society -IMAPS-:
46th International Symposium on Microelectronics, IMAPS 2013 : September 30 - October 3, 2013, Orlando, Florida
Reston, Va.: IMAPS, 2013
ISBN: 978-1-62993-824-0 (Curran-Ausgabe)
International Symposium on Microelectronics (IMAPS) <46, 2013, Orlando/Fla.>
Fraunhofer IZM ()

During the last years within power electronics packaging a trend towards compact power electronics modules for automotive and industrial applications could be observed, where a smart integrated control unit for motor drives is replacing bulky substrates with discrete control logic and power electronics. Most recent modules combine control and power electronics yielding maximum miniaturization. Transfer molding is the method of choice for cost effective encapsulation of such modules due to robustness of the molded modules and moderate cost of packaging. But there are challenges with this type of package: Typically those packages are asymmetric, a substrate with single sided assembly is overmolded on the component side and the substrate backside is exposed providing a heat path for optimized cooling. This asymmetric geometry is prone to yield warped substrates, preventing optimum thermal contact to the heatsink and also putting thermo-mechanical stress on the encapsulated components, possibly reducing reliability. Such packages being truly heterogeneous, combining powerICs, wire bonds, SMDs, controlICs, substrate and leadframe surfaces, the encapsulant used needs to adhere sufficiently to all surfaces present. Additionally those packages need to operate at elevated temperatures for long time, e.g. operate at 200 °C for 1000 h and more, so high thermal stability is of ample importance. Within this paper the main goal is to identify transfer molding compounds suitable for the encapsulation of smart power modules, ready to be used at 200 °C and determine the actual maximum temperature of use of such high performance molding compounds currently available in the market. Summarized a detailed description of the high temperature suitability of high performance molding compounds is provided-additionally an extended test methodology is described to facilitate future material evaluation for HT or harsh environment use of polymeric materials as encapsulants or base materials.