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A new quantitative method for evaluation of adhesive penetration pattern in particulate wood-based composites: Elemental counting method

: Edalat, H.; Faezipour, M.; Thole, V.; Kamke, F.A.


Wood science and technology 48 (2014), Nr.4, S.703-712
ISSN: 0043-7719
ISSN: 1432-5225
Fraunhofer WKI ()

The importance of adhesion in production of wood-based composites is well-known. Adhesive penetration and interphase morphology play an important role in bond strength and product performance. Many studies offered different methods for interphase characterization and analysis. Both qualitative and quantitative methods have been used to analyze the bondline. Most of the quantitative methods were developed for bonded assemblies of veneer or wood blocks. Adhesive penetration measurement in particulate wood-based composites is the main scope of this study. For this purpose, uniform oriented strand board with veneer strands was produced by the use of phenol formaldehyde resin with 2, 6, and 10 % strand moisture content (MC). The strands were formed into well-organized mats to achieve a uniform structure for the composite. Cross-section specimens were prepared from each board and observed by epifluorescence microscopy. Six positions for growth-ring angle in adhesive joints were denoted to evaluate penetration in different directions of the wood. Four parameters were also determined to quantify resin penetration patterns by counting the quantity of the main anatomical elements of wood, which were filled with resin. Finally, it was determined that this method could recognize the differences between adhesive penetration in boards produced with different level of strand MC. Resin penetration in strands with 6 and 10 % MC was the greatest. Growth-ring angle of the strands influenced penetration as it was increased when both strands meet each other in an oblique position, although this effect was significant only in maximum penetration depth in fibers.