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Q-band millimeter-wave antennas

An enabling technology for MultiGigabit wireless backhaul
: Vilar, R.; Czarny, R.; Lee, M.-S.L.; Loiseaux, B.; Sypek, M.; Makowski, M.; Martel, C.; Crepin, T.; Boust, F.; Joseph, R.; Herbertz, K.; Bertuch, T.; Marti, J.


IEEE microwave magazine for the microwave & wireless engineer 15 (2014), Nr.4, S.121-130
ISSN: 1527-3342
European Commission EC
Fraunhofer FHR ()

The bandwidth demands in mobile communication systems are growing exponentially day by day as the number of users has increased drastically over the last five years. This mobile data explosion, together with the fixed service limitations, requires a new approach to support this increase in bandwidth demand. Solutions based on lower-frequency microwave wireless systems may be able to meet the bandwidth demand in a short term. However, with the small-cell mass deployment requiring total capacities of 1 Gb/s/km2, scalable, multigigabit backhaul systems are required. Millimeter-wave technology fits nicely into these new backhaul scenarios as it provides extended bandwidth for high-capacity links and adaptive throughput rate, which allows efficient and flexible deployment. Besides these advantages, millimeter-wave solutions become even more attractive when the cost of backhaul solutions and the cost of spectrum licenses are factored in. Compared to the cost of laying fiber to a cell base station, which is the only other scalable solution, the millimeter-wave solution becomes the most appropriate approach.