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Development of hydrophobic starch

: Bohrisch, J.; Vorwerg, W.; Radosta, S.


Starch = Stärke 56 (2004), Nr.7, S.322-329
ISSN: 0038-9056
Fraunhofer IAP ()

The aim of this work was a systematic investigation of the preparation conditions for stable aqueous dispersions of hydrophobic starch. Samples of benzylated starch were therefore synthesised and then converted into hydrophobic dispersions by fragmentation. In the study, the type of starch and process parameters such as the degree of hydrophobic substitution and fragmentation method were varied. It was shown that the type of derivatisation process (i.e. heterogeneous in a slurry or homogeneous in an autoclave) had a crucial influence on the dispersion properties. Dilution from homogeneous solution and steam-jet cooking were explored as fragmentation methods for the starch derivatives. The resulting dispersions were comprehensively characterised in relation to the molecular properties of the soluble fraction and sediment. Significant differences in dispersion properties were caused by the type of starch used (i.e. potato or maize) and the derivatisation process, for a similar degree of benzylation.