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Generation of wavelength-dependent, periodic line pattern in metal nanoparticle-containing polymer films by femtosecond laser irradiation

: Kiesow, A.; Strohkark, S.; Löschner, K.; Heilmann, A.; Podlipensky, A.; Abdolvand, A.; Seifert, G.


Applied Physics Letters 86 (2005), Nr.15, Art. 153111, 3 S.
ISSN: 0003-6951
ISSN: 1077-3118
Fraunhofer IWM ()
metal nanoparticle; plasma polymer; optical property; laser irradiation

Thin polymer films containing metal nanoparticles were irradiated with ultrashort, linearly polarized laser pulses. As result of irradiation, nanostructural changes occur in a type of periodically arranged, line-like areas with modified particle size and shape distribution. The periodic formation in this nanocomposite material is observed only for a small filling factor range, which can be attributed to the percolation region or nearby. Transmission (also in cross section) and scanning electron microscopy were applied to investigate the optainet structure modifications. A linear dependency between the period Lambda of the line structures and the laser wavelength lambda (800, 528, 400 and 266 nm) used with Lambda/lambda about 0.70 is assumed. The structural changes and the physical mechanism of the periodic formation are discussed.