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Parameters influencing the photocatalytic activity of suspension-sprayed TiO2 coatings

: Toma, Filofteia-Laura; Berger, Lutz-Michael; Shakhverdova, Irina; Leupolt, Beate; Potthoff, Annegret; Oelschlägel, Kathrin; Meißner, Tobias; Gomez, José Antonio Ibáñez; Miguel, Yolanda de


Journal of thermal spray technology 23 (2014), Nr.7, S.1037-1053
ISSN: 1059-9630
ISSN: 1544-1016
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
Fraunhofer IWS ()
HVOF; nanocomposite structure; photocatalysis; photocatalytic activity; rhodamine B; suspension; TiO2

Photocatalytic properties of titania have been studied very intensively for a variety of applications, including air and water purification. In order to clarify the influence of the phase composition and other parameters, thermal spraying with suspensions was applied to produce photocatalytically active titania coatings starting from two commercially available anatase and rutile submicron powders. Aqueous suspensions containing 40% solids by weight were sprayed with an HVOF process using ethylene as the fuel gas. The spray parameters were chosen in order to produce mechanically stable coatings and to preserve a high content of the initial crystalline phases of the powders. The coating microstructures, phase compositions, and surface properties were characterized. The photocatalytic performance was evaluated by degradation of the pink dye Rhodamine B (RB) using two techniques: degradation of an aqueous solution of RB and discoloration of impregnated RB. All the coatings exhibited photocatalytic activity to varying degrees, depending on the phase composition as well as other factors, namely, the coating microstructure, surface morphology, surface hydroxylation, light absorption, and interaction with the pollutant.