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Characterization of a setup to test the impact of high-amplitude pressure waves on living cells

: Schmidt, M.; Kahlert, U.; Wessolleck, J.; Maciaczyk, D.; Merkt, B.; Maciaczyk, J.; Osterholz, J.; Nikkhah, G.; Steinhauser, M.O.

Volltext ()

Scientific Reports 4 (2014), Art. 3849, 9 S.
ISSN: 2045-2322
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft FhG
Shock-wave induced destruction of tumor cells
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft FhG
Extracorporeal, focused ultrasound therapy: Effectiveness, simulation, and planning of new therapies
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer EMI ()

The impact of pressure waves on cells may provide several possible applications in biology and medicine including the direct killing of tumors, drug delivery or gene transfection. In this study we characterize the physical properties of mechanical pressure waves generated by a nanosecond laser pulse in a setup with well-defined cell culture conditions. To systematically characterize the system on the relevant length and time scales (micrometers and nanoseconds) we use photon Doppler velocimetry (PDV) and obtain velocity profiles of the cell culture vessel at the passage of the pressure wave. These profiles serve as input for numerical pressure wave simulations that help to further quantify the pressure conditions on the cellular length scale. On the biological level we demonstrate killing of glioblastoma cells and quantify experimentally the pressure threshold for cell destruction.