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Correlation between the open circuit voltage and the energetics of organic bulk heterojunction solar cells

: Lange, I.; Kniepert, J.; Pingel, P.; Dumsch, I.; Allard, S.; Janietz, S.; Scherf, U.; Neher, D.


The journal of physical chemistry letters. Online journal 4 (2013), Nr.22, S.3865-3871
ISSN: 1948-7185
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
Fraunhofer IAP ()

A detailed investigation of the open circuit voltage (V-OC) of organic bulk heterojunction solar cells comprising three different donor polymers and two different fullerene-based acceptors is presented. Bias amplified charge extraction (BACE) is combined with Kelvin Probe measurements to derive information on the relevant energetics in the blend. On the example of P3HT:PC70BM the influence of composition and preparation conditions on the relevant transport levels will be shown. Moderate upward shifts of the P3HT HOMO depending on crystallinity are observed, but contrarily to common believe, the dependence of V-OC on blend composition and thermal history is found to be largely determined by the change in the PCBM LUMO energy. Following this approach, we quantified the energetic contribution to the V-OC in blends with fluorinated polymers or higher adduct fullerenes.