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Mathematical modeling the drying of poplar wood particles in a closed-loop triple pass rotary dryer

: Zarea Hosseinabadi, H.; Layeghi, M.; Berthold, D.; Doosthosseini, K.; Shahhosseini, S.


Drying technology 32 (2014), Nr.1, S.55-67
ISSN: 0737-3937
ISSN: 1532-2300
Fraunhofer WKI ()
closed-loop triple-pass rotary dryer; heat and mass transfer; mathematical modeling; poplar wood particles

Closed-loop drying systems are an attractive alternative to conventional drying systems because they provide a wide range of potential advantages. Consequently, type of drying process is attracting increased interest. Rotary drying of wood particles can be assumed as an incorporated process involving fluid-solid interactions and simultaneous heat and mass transfer within and between the particles. Understanding these mechanisms during rotary drying processes may result in determination of the optimum drying parameters and improved dryer design. In this study, due to the complexity and nonlinearity of the momentum, heat, and mass transfer equations, a computerized mathematical model of a closed-loop triple-pass concurrent rotary dryer was developed to simulate the drying behavior of poplar wood particles within the dryer drums. Wood particle moisture content and temperature, drying air temperature, and drying air humidity ratio along the drums lengths can be simulated using this model. The model presented in this work has been shown to successfully predict the steady-state behavior of a concurrent rotary dryer and can be used to analyze the effects of various drying process parameters on the performance of the closed-loop triple-pass rotary dryer to determine the optimum drying parameters. The model was also used to simulate the performance of industrial closed-loop rotary dryers under various operating conditions.