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Feature-based automatic identification of interesting data segments in group movement data

: Landesberger, Tatiana von; Bremm, Sebastian; Schreck, Tobias; Fellner, Dieter W.


Information visualization 13 (2014), Nr.3, S.190-212
ISSN: 1473-8716
ISSN: 1473-8724
Fraunhofer IGD ()
Visual analytics; spatio-temporal data; group movements; movement data; Forschungsgruppe Visual Inference (VINF); Forschungsgruppe Semantic Models, Immersive Systems (SMIS)

The study of movement data is an important task in a variety of domains such as transportation, biology, or finance. Often, the data objects are grouped (e.g. countries by continents). We distinguish three main categories of movement data analysis, based on the focus of the analysis: (a) movement characteristics of an individual in the context of its group, (b) the dynamics of a given group, and (c) the comparison of the behavior of multiple groups. Examination of group movement data can be effectively supported by data analysis and visualization. In this respect, approaches based on analysis of derived movement characteristics (called features in this article) can be useful. However, current approaches are limited as they do not cover a broad range of situations and typically require manual feature monitoring. We present an enhanced set of movement analysis features and add automatic analysis of the features for filtering the interesting parts in large movement data sets. Using this approach, users can easily detect new interesting characteristics such as outliers, trends, and task-dependent data patterns even in large sets of data points over long time horizons. We demonstrate the usefulness with two real-world data sets from the socioeconomic and the financial domains.