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Sorting enabling technologies for risk analysis and crisis management

: Häring, Ivo

Katzy, B.:
Civilian Crisis Response Models : Seminar, 20.-25. January 2013, Dagstuhl, Dagstuhl Seminar 13041
Dagstuhl: Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, 2013 (Dagstuhl Reports 3.2013, Nr.1)
Seminar "Civilian Crisis Response Models" <2013, Schloss Dagstuhl>
Fraunhofer EMI ()

The talk presented an approach to define crisis response research in terms of relevant categories (aspects, dimensions, properties) for such research, including e.g. types of threats (hazard sources, crisis triggering events), crisis management steps which are supported, hardware technologies employed, disciplines involved or software technologies used. If existing crisis research is sorted into such a categorization scheme, foci of on-going research efforts can be identified as well as missing combinations. Such definition by examples and attribute ranges also avoids exclusions and is open for a truly interdisciplinary (trans-disciplinary) approach. Besides this top level approach, examples of emerging application tools were given that implement risk management or analysis steps. All tools are currently developed within EU FP7 research projects and at least parts of their functionalities are relevant for crisis management. In BESECURE we apply risk management to structure an urban security enhancement process. It gives access to best practice methods for enhancing security, urban attractiveness and performance. In a similar way in cases of crisis methods can be selected in a systematic way and employed for achieving user-defined objectives. In VITRUV we show how urban planning for countering terrorism can be supported by empirical (data-base driven) and quantitative analysis. Taking measures for susceptibility, vulnerability and risk into account the software supports urban planning at plan and detail level. This allows countering crisis by preventive urban design with focus on non-physical measures, in particular rearrangement of geometries and urban space design. In ENCOUNTER risk analysis of explosive improvised (home-made) devices in urban environments is conducted taking into account organizational and physical counter measures including neutralization and removal options. This provides scenario assessment input for crisis management. In D-BOX we contribute to a toolbox for improving humanitarian demining worldwide. In particular quantitative hazard and damage analysis is applied to this domain. Also interactive databases are provided on hazards sources, neutralization, removal and personal protective equipment. Mine fields are at the core of many (long- term) crisis-like developments in developing countries. For defining a roadmap for crisis research a step-wise approach is proposed. The steps are conducted in a very exemplary and incomplete way. First, we give three examples for step-wise informed schemes for risk analysis schemes, risk management and crisis management schemes are given, respectively. Second a list of technological and societal enablers is given. Third it is shown how this enablers are expected to influence the respective risk analysis steps, with respect to short-term, medium term and long term effects, respectively. It is indicated how in a similar way the effects of the enablers on risk management and crisis management, e.g. using the residence circle, can be conducted. Finally we provide a summarizing schematic.