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Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate

: König, S.; Lopez-Diaz, D.; Antes, J.; Boes, F.; Henneberger, R.; Leuther, A.; Tessmann, A.; Schmogrow, R.; Hillerkuss, D.; Palmer, R.; Zwick, T.; Koos, C.; Freude, W.; Ambacher, O.; Leuthold, J.; Kallfass, I.


Nature photonics 7 (2013), Nr.12, S.977-981
ISSN: 1749-4885
ISSN: 1749-4893
Fraunhofer IAF ()

In communications, the frequency range 0.1-30 THz is essentially terra incognita. Recently, research has focused on this terahertz gap, because the high carrier frequencies promise unprecedented channel capacities. Indeed, data rates of 100 Gbit s(-1) were predicted for 2015. Here, we present, for the first time, a single-input and single-output wireless communication system at 237.5 GHz for transmitting data over 20 m at a data rate of 100 Gbit s(-1). This breakthrough results from combining terahertz photonics and electronics, whereby a narrow-band terahertz carrier is photonically generated by mixing comb lines of a mode-locked laser in a uni-travellingcarrier photodiode. The uni-travelling-carrier photodiode output is then radiated over a beam-focusing antenna. The signal is received by a millimetre-wave monolithic integrated circuit comprising novel terahertz mixers and amplifiers. We believe that this approach provides a path to scale wireless communications to Tbit s(-1) rates over distances of >1 km.