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Application of the evaporative light scattering detector to analytical problems in polymer science

: Arndt, J.H.; Macko, Tibor; Brüll, Robert


Journal of chromatography. A 1310 (2013), S.1-14
ISSN: 0021-9673
Fraunhofer LBF ()
evaporative light; polymer science

Over the last two decades the evaporative light scattering detector (ELSD) has found more and more use in liquid chromatography (LC) of synthetic polymers. The reason behind this is that it can be used for a significantly wider variety of analyte/solvent combinations. Although in many of the applications the ELSD has been used in a qualitative manner, it can also be used quantitatively. For quantitative interpretation of analyses it is, in the case of synthetic polymers, essential to know how parameters, which characterize a polymer sample (i.e., molar mass and chemical composition), as well as parameters, which are a consequence of the LC separation (i.e., composition and flow rate of the mobile phase, its composition), influence the response of the ELSD. This review gives a tabulated overview over applications of ELS detectors in polymer analysis. The influence of parameters arising from either the polymer side or the chromatographic separation is discussed in detail and, in addition, the influence of the ELS detector's running conditions, i.e. type and flow rate of gas and temperature of nebulizer and evaporator), will be reviewed. This information will prove valuable whenever the calibration of an ELSD for the quantitative analysis of synthetic polymers is attempted.