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Maillard reaction products as antimicrobial components for packaging films

: Hauser, Carolin; Müller, Ulla; Sauer, Tanja; Augner, Kerstin; Pischetsrieder, Monika


Food chemistry 145 (2014), S.608-613
ISSN: 0308-8146
ISSN: 1873-7072
Fraunhofer IVV ()

Active packaging foils with incorporated antimicrobial agents release the active ingredient during food storage. Maillard reaction products (MRPs) show antimicrobial activity that is at least partially mediated by H 2O2. De novo generation of H2O2 by an MRP fraction, extracted from a ribose/lysine Maillard reaction mixture by 85% ethanol, was monitored at three concentrations (1.6, 16.1, and 32.3 g/L) and three temperatures (4, 25, and 37 C) between 0 and 96 h, reaching a maximum of 335 M H2O2 (32.3 g/L, 37 C, 96 h). The active MRP fraction (16.1 g/L) completely inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli for 24 h and was therefore incorporated in a polyvinyl acetate-based lacquer and dispersed onto a low-density polyethylene film. The coated film generated about 100 M H2O2 and resulted in a log-reduction of >5 log-cycles against E. coli. Thus, MRPs can be considered as active ingredients for antimicrobial packaging materials.