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Efficient joint estimation and compensation of CFO, Tx/Rx Frequency-selective I/Q imbalance, and the MIMO radio channel in OFDM systems

: Luo, J.; Keusgen, W.; Kortke, A.

Volltext ()

Journal of electrical and computer engineering 2013 (2013), Art. 679032, 20 S.
ISSN: 2090-0147
ISSN: 2090-0155
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer HHI ()

MIMO OFDM is a very promising technique for future wireless communication systems. By applying direct conversion architecture, low-cost, low-power, small size, and flexible implementation of MIMO OFDM systems can be realized. However, the performance of direct conversion architecture-based MIMO OFDM systems can be seriously affected by RF impairments incling carrier frequency offset (CFO) and I/Q-imbalance. While OFDM is sensitive to CFO, direct conversion architecture is sensitive to I/Q imbalance. Such RF impairments aggravate as the carrier frequency becomes higher for example, beyond 60 GHz. To achieve the desired high performance of MIMO OFDM, such RF impairments have to be compensated for. In this paper, the joint compensation of CFO, transmitter and receiver frequency-selective I/Q imbalance, and the MIMO radio channel is investigated. Two preamble-based schemes are proposed for impairment parameter estimation. The proposed preambles are constructed both in time and frequency domains and require much less overhead than the state-of-the-art designs. Furthermore, much lower computational complexity is allowed, enabling efficient implementation. The advantages and effectiveness of both proposed schemes are compared and verified by numerical simulations and complexity analysis.