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Defect annealing processes for polycrystalline silicon thin-film solar cells

: Steffens, S.; Becker, C.; Zollondz, J.-H.; Chowdhury, A.; Slaoui, A.; Lindekugel, S.; Schubert, U.; Evans, R.; Rech, B.


Materials Science and Engineering, B. Solid state materials for advanced technology 178 (2013), Nr.9, S.670-675
ISSN: 0921-5107
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Materialien - Solarzellen und Technologie; alternative Photovoltaik-Technologie; Solarzelle und Bauelement; Silicium-Photovoltaik; Farbstoff- und Organische Solarzellen; Kristalline Silicium-Dünnschichtsolarzellen

A variety of defect healing methods was analyzed for optimization of polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) thin-film solar cells on glass. The films were fabricated by solid phase crystallization of amorphous silicon deposited either by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) or by electron-beam evaporation (EBE). Three different rapid thermal processing (RTP) set-ups were compared: A conventional rapid thermal annealing oven, a dual wavelength laser annealing system and a movable two sided halogen lamp oven. The two latter processes utilize focused energy input for reducing the thermal load introduced into the glass substrates and thus lead to less deformation and impurity diffusion. Analysis of the structural and electrical properties of the poly-Si thin films was performed by Suns-VOC measurements and Raman spectroscopy. 1 cm2 cells were prepared for a selection of samples and characterized by I-V-measurements. The poly-Si material quality could be extremely en hanced, resulting in increase of the open circuit voltages from about 100 mV (EBE) and 170 mV (PECVD) in the untreated case up to 480 mV after processing.