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Feature-specific illumination patterns for automated visual inspection

: Gruna, R.; Beyerer, J.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society:
IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, I2MTC 2012. Proceedings. Vol.1 : Graz, Austria, 13 - 16 May 2012
Piscataway: IEEE, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-4577-1773-4 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-4577-1771-0
ISBN: 978-1-4577-1772-7 (electronic)
International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC) <2012, Graz>
Fraunhofer IOSB ()

The choice of an appropriate illumination design is one of the most important steps in creating successful machine vision systems for automated inspection tasks. In a popular technique, multiple inspection images are captured under angular-varying illumination directions over the hemisphere, which yields a set of images referred to as illumination series. However, most existing approaches are restricted in that they use rather simple and generic illumination patterns on the hemisphere. Furthermore, the spectrum of the illumination is assumed to be fixed and is not considered. In this paper, we present an illumination technique which reduces the effort of capturing a series of inspection images for individual reflectance features by using linear combinations of basis light patterns that vary in their directional and spectral radiance. The key idea is to encode linear functions for feature extraction as angular- and wavelength-dependent illumination patterns, and thereby to compute linear features from the scene's spectral reflectance field directly in the optical domain. Finally, we evaluate and verify the proposed illumination technique to the problem of optical material type classification of printed circuit boards (PCBs).