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High resolution W-band UAV-SAR

: Essen, H.; Johannes, W.; Stanko, S.; Sommer, R.; Wahlen, A.; Wilcke, J.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society:
IGARSS 2012, IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium : Remote sensing for a dynamic earth, 22-27 July 2012, Munich, Germany
Piscataway/NJ: IEEE, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-4673-1158-8
ISBN: 978-1-4673-1160-1 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-4673-1159-5
International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) <2012, Munich>
Fraunhofer FHR ()

A miniaturised millimetre wave radar, MIRANDA, to be used as Synthetic Aperture Radar onboard a small UAV was designed, built and tested onboard of an unmanned helicopter. The design followed the FM-CW principle, to get the highest possible average transmit power and thus the best range performance. The experiments described here were conducted at a centre frequency of 94 GHz. An inertial system of high quality, based upon a fibre optic gyroscope maintained the necessary precision, to allow high resolution SAR imaging. The raw data are transmitted to the ground station using an ordinary analogue data link, where they are A/D converted, preprocessed and finally undergo a real-time SAR-focusing algorithm. Additionally to the quick-look processing the data are stored to be able to apply further high quality SAR processing. The paper describes the design principles and gives results from the flight tests.