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Fatigue damage evaluation by use of "smart sensors"

: Schreiber, J.; Cikalova, U.

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Boller, Christian (Ed.) ; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung e.V. -DGZfP-, Berlin; Fraunhofer-Institut für Zerstörungsfreie Prüfverfahren -IZFP-, Saarbrücken:
Structural health monitoring 2012. Sixth European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring. Proceedings. Vol.1 : 1st European Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) Society, held at Dresden, Germany, July 3-6, 2012
Berlin: DGZfP, 2012 (DGZfP-Berichtsbände 135)
ISBN: 978-3-940283-41-2
European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring (EWSHM) <6, 2012, Dresden>
Prognostics and Health Management Society (PHM European Conference) <1, 2012, Dresden>
Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZFP, Institutsteil Dresden ( IKTS-MD) ()

There is a need for an improvement in accuracy of forecasting of residual service life of commercially available aircraft components. Therefore, easy in use and precise non-destructive testing (NDT) methods for determination of the material fatigue are especially attractive. A basic understanding of structural changes during the fatigue damage process on different scaling levels is given by the physical Mesomechanics derived for a medium with local structure. The approach is based on the knowledge of the development of deformation structures (mesostructures) at three levels at the sample surface, micro/meso/macro-structure level, with increasing mechanical cyclic loading. The experiments for NDT detection of deformation structure were performed at AA2024 samples, which had special thin Al- single crystal films, the so-called "smart sensor" glued to their surfaces. For deformation structure detection the topography imaging microscopy and eddy current (EC) detection approach was used with the potential to transition this inspection to an aircraft for an in-situ solution for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). Results of these investigations will be presented in the present contribution.