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Low-temperature sintered NTC thermistor ceramics for thick-film temperature sensors

: Reimann, T.; Töpfer, J.; Barth, S.; Bartsch, H.; Müller, J.


International journal of applied ceramic technology 10 (2013), Nr.3, S.428-434
ISSN: 1546-542X
ISSN: 1744-7402
Fraunhofer IKTS ()

Negative temperature coefficient (NTC) thermistor thick films were fabricated by screen printing on alumina substrates and firing at 900°C. Spinel-type NiMn2O4 exhibits limited stability in air between 730 and 970°C only and interacts with the Bi2O3 additive. The Zn-Co-substituted spinel Zn0.75Ni0.5Co0.5Mn1.25O4 with 3 wt% additive shows complete densification at 900°C; no interaction between spinel and additive was observed. Alternatively, a Cu-Zn-Co-substituted Cu0.37Zn0.52Ni0.44Co0.44Mn1.23O4 spinel with excellent sintering characteristics even without sintering additive was investigated. The thermistor films display a sheet resistance of about 300 kΩ/□ and B = 3300 K. The firing behavior, microstructure formation, and electrical properties of NTC thick films are reported.