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Spontaneous neoplastic lesions in control syrian hamsters in 6-, 12-, and 24-month short-term and carcinogenicity studies

: McInnes, Elizabeth F.; Ernst, Heinrich; Germann Paul-Georg


Toxicologic Pathology 41 (2013), Nr.1, S.86-97
ISSN: 0192-6233
ISSN: 1533-1601
Fraunhofer ITEM ()
Animal models; Cancer; pathological histology; rodent; tumor; Syrian hamster

Male and female Syrian hamsters of the strain Han: AURA from the Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine breeding colony were maintained as control animals for five toxicity/carcinogenicity studies and were examined for the presence of neoplastic disease either when they died or when the study terminated. In total, 250 male animals and 250 female animals in three carcinogenicity studies were analyzed as well as the results of a 6-month study (fifty males and fifty females) and a 12-month study (fifty males and fifty females). In the 24-month studies, in the male animals, twenty-five organs were affected with malignant and benign tumors. In the female animals, twenty-four organs were affected with malignant and benign tumors. The most frequently affected tissue in the three 24-month studies was the adrenal gland where 141 cortical adenomas (56.4%) were noted in 250 male animals and 115 cortical adenomas (46%) noted in 250 female animals. In addition, a high incidence of squamous cell papilloma in the vagina was noted in female hamsters on the 24-month studies. A moderate incidence of squamous cell papilloma of the nonglandular forestomach, benign granulosa cell tumor of the ovary, lymphoma of the hemopoietic system, endometrial stromal polyp, and adenocarcinoma of the uterus and islet cell adenoma of the pancreas were also observed on the 24-month studies.