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Exploiting MIMO SAR potentialities with efficient cross-track constellation configurations for improved range resolution

 
: Cristallini, D.; Pastina, D.; Lombardo, P.

:

IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing (2011), S.38-52
ISSN: 0196-2892
ISSN: 0018-9413
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer FHR

Abstract
In this paper, an innovative technique is presented for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) ground range resolution improvement using multiple transmit and receive platforms with adequate cross-track displacement. Using orthogonal waveforms, which occupy the same bandwidth in the range frequency domain, for the different platforms of the constellation, a multiple-input-multiple-output SAR system is configured. The proposed technique allows one to achieve a maximum theoretical range resolution improvement factor that is significantly greater than the number of operating SAR sensors by jointly exploiting both mono- and bistatic acquisitions. This can be exploited to obtain a ground range resolution that is much higher than the resolution corresponding to the frequency bandwidth transmitted by the single platform. After illustrating the proposed technique and its system requirements, a simulated data set is used to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-220386.html