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Lightweight tannin foam/composites sandwich panels and the coldset tannin adhesive to assemble them

: Zhou, X.; Pizzi, A.; Sauget, A.; Nicollin, A.; Li, X.; Celzard, A.; Rode, Karsten; Pasch, Harald


Industrial crops and products 43 (2013), S.255-260
ISSN: 0926-6690
Fraunhofer LBF ()
lightweight tannin; foam/composite sandwich panel; coldset tannin; adhesive

Sandwich panels of tannin/furanic foams laminated on the two faces with thin high density natural fibres/tannin resin matrix composites, or other thin panels such as plywood, yield light panels that have better bending strength of the surface composite and better mechanical properties of the brittle rigid tannin/furanic foams. The tannin-resorcinol-formaldehyde cold-set adhesives for bonding the surface composites on to the tannin/furanic foam and bonding foam to foam were examined by Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionisation Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. The analysis revealed that the adhesive was composed of resorcinol-formaldehyde oligomers, unreacted flavonoids, and resorcinol-formaldehyde oligomers coreacted with flavonoid units of the tannin.