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Annular beam shaping system for advanced 3D laser brazing

 
: Pütsch, O.; Stollenwerk, J.; Kogel-Hollacher, M.; Traub, M.

:

Advanced Optical Technologies 1 (2012), Nr.5, S.397-402
ISSN: 2192-8584
ISSN: 2192-8576
Deutsch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Abstract
As laser brazing benefits from advantages such as smooth joints and small heat-affected zones, it has become established as a joining technology that is widely used in the automotive industry. With the processing of complex-shaped geometries, recent developed brazing heads suffer, however, from the need for continuous reorientation of the optical system and/or limited accessibility due to lateral wire feeding. This motivates the development of a laser brazing head with coaxial wire feeding and enhanced functionality. An optical system is designed that allows to generate an annular intensity distribution in the working zone. The utilization of complex optical components avoids obscuration of the optical path by the wire feeding. The new design overcomes the disadvantages of the state-of-the-art brazing heads with lateral wire feeding and benefits from the independence of direction while processing complex geometries. To increase the robustness of the brazing process, the beam path also includes a seam tracking system, leading to a more challenging design of the whole optical train. This paper mainly discusses the concept and the optical design of the coaxial brazing head, and also presents the results obtained with a prototype and selected application results.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-215968.html