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Nano structures via laser interference patterning for guided cell growth of neuronal cells

: Bremus-Koebberling, Elke A.; Beckemper, S.; Koch, B.; Gillner, A.


Journal of laser applications : JLA 24 (2012), Nr.4, Art. 042013, 6 S.
ISSN: 1042-346X
ISSN: 1938-1387
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Laser interference patterning is a versatile tool for the fabrication of nano patterns. For this study, regular nano line patterns with feature sizes between 100 and 1000 nm were produced on polymers polyimide, polyetheretherketone, and polydimethylsiloxane. Cell culture experiments with B35 neuronal cells revealed the alignment of cellular extensions along nano grooves of different feature sizes. Especially, when feature depth exceeds a distinct threshold (aspect ratio > 0.6), more than 50% of cells are oriented parallel, i.e., within angles of 0°-30° to the direction of the line pattern. The presented techniques enable new materials to be processed and offer a promising approach for nerve repair in the central nervous system.