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Transfer molding technology for smart power electronics modules - materials and processes

: Becker, K.-F.; Joklitschke, D.; Braun, T.; Koch, M.; Schreier-Alt, T.; Bader, V.; Bauer, J.; Nowak, T.; Aschenbrenner, R.; Schneider-Ramelow, M.; Thomas, T.; Bochow-Ness, O.; Lang, K.-D.

International Microelectronics and Packaging Society -IMAPS-:
IMAPS 2011, 44th International Symposium on Microelectronics. Proceedings. Vol.1 : Long Beach, California, USA, 9 - 13 October 2011
Red Hook, NY: Curran, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-618-39850-5
International Symposium on Microelectronics (IMAPS) <44, 2011, Long Beach/Calif.>
Fraunhofer IZM ()

During the last years within power electronics packaging a trend towards compact power electronics modules for automotive and industrial applications could be observed, where a smart integrated control unit for motor drives is replacing bulky substrates with discrete control logic and power electronics. Most recent modules combine control and power electronics yielding maximum miniaturization. Transfer molding is the method of choice for cost effective encapsulation of such modules due to robustness of the molded modules and moderate cost of packaging. But there are challenges with this type of package: Typically those packages are asymmetric, a substrate with single sided assembly is overmolded on the component side and the substrate backside is exposed providing a heat path for optimized cooling. This asymmetric geometry is prone to yield warped substrates, preventing optimum thermal contact to the heatsink and also putting thermomechanical stress on the encapsulated components, possibly reducing reliability. Such packages being truly heterogeneous, combining powerICs, wire bonds, SMDs, controlICs, substrate and leadframe surfaces, the encapsulant used needs to adhere sufficiently to all surfaces present. Additionally those packages need to operate at elevated temperatures for increased times, e.g. operate at 150 °C for 2000 h and more, so high thermal stability is of ample importance. Within this paper a reference application is described, integrating power and control logic inside a leadframe based molded package. Taking into account the challenges mentioned above, a detailed description of material selection for this module will be given, including material analysis as rheology, reactivity, change in r and thermomechanical properties as f(t,T). Process development for module molding is described accompagnied by nondestructive analysis as ultrasonic / x-ray microscopy and package warpage measurement, evaluating the optimum combination of molding process parameters and selected materials. Concluding rules for encapsulant material selection and package setup are provided. Vorgehen parallel zu APZ Brose: Materialliste: Molding Compounds für High Volume Packages Charly stellt zusammen Hitachi, Sumitomo, Loctite Materialauswahl nach Info Conti Charly, Tanja Material A und B! Materialanalyse bzgl. Rheologie und Reaktion: Eingangsgröße TSA Materialanalyse bzgl. Temperaturbeständigkeit (150 °C - 175 °C 200 °C) Test durch Bestimmung Torsionsmodul nach Auslagerung (Probenfertigung auf Fico Brilliant) evtl. DEA für HT-Beständigkeitsprüfung Galvanik auf EMC und Nachmolden! REM-Analyse auf Füllstoffe! Simulation: Brose Modul ohne Faltflex! Anguss fix. Variation ist Materialparametersatz Basis (irgendein ähnliches Compound) von Jörg bestimmte Materialdatensätze für Fliesssim. Mold-Versuche in B: Brose LF mit Planarsubstrat (bestückt mit Schikanen! Hohe Bauteile!) übermoldet mit Material A und B Akustoanalyse Röntgenanalyse und gut.